I love Crystal; I think it gets right pretty much everything that irks me about Ruby. And that speaks volumes because Ruby to me is just brilliant but it’s not something I would happily use in a large project. Enough about that, here is what I want to keep on record here. Crystal is damn near a complete language to me but I have always felt that having interfaces as in Go or Java would certainly make certain things nicer. If you go through the official Crystal guides like I did, you will be convinced that Crystal does not have interfaces. To my surprise I just learnt (a couple of minutes ago) that Crystal does kind of have interfaces and they work in the Java sense of interface. I learnt about this through a two year old thread on the Crystal forum where someone was asking for interfaces in Crystal like we have elsewhere in the world of OOP. Two years later the thread got a response and here is what I have learnt:
- Crystal doesn’t have an explicit interface keyword (already knew this)
- Crystal has abstract classes and methods (knew this too)
- Modules can have abstract methods (oh shit - I have never even considered that)
- When modules with abstract methods are included in a class, the class must provide an implementation of the abstract methods
- When a class
includesa module, the class satisfies the module’s interface. In other words the class can be used where ever the module is expected (I do recall trying something like but not working out for me, let’s see…)
Here is how you could go about defining an interface in Crystal:
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 # Define the interface as a module with abstract methods module Foo abstract def name : String end # Define a class and include the module/interface class FooBar include Foo # Shades of Java's implements, eh??? getter name : String def initialize(@name); end end # Define methods that consumes or produces the interface/module def print_foo_name(foo : Foo) puts foo.name end foobar = FooBar.new("J.Random") print_foo_name(foobar) # prints "J.Random"
There you have it… Interfaces in Crystal!!!